Verbul - Prezentul Simplu



Prezentul Simplu (Present Tense Simple) prezinta o actiune care are loc in momentului vorbirii - now.

Prezentul Simplu in engleza se formeaza folosind infinitivul verbului (fara to), adaugandu-se doar la persoana a III-a singular terminatia -(e)s.
Terminatia -(e)s se pronunta:

  • s dupa consoane surde: he thinks
  • z dupa vocale si consoane sonore: he runs, he studies
  • sau iz: he washes

Terminatia -es se foloseste cand verbul se termina in s,x,z,sh,ch,tch sau o: he watches, he goes.
Verbele terminate in -y precedat de o consoana schimba y in i si se adauga -es: he tries.


Afirmativ:

to drive  to be
I drive I am (I'm)
You drive You are
He/she drives He/she/it is
We drive We are
You drive You are
They drive They are


Negativ: se foloseste do not (don't) sau does not (doesn't) pentru persoana a III-a singular.

to drive  to be
I do not (don't) drive I am (I'm) not
You do not (don't) drive You are not (aren't)
He/she does not (doesn't) drive He/she/it is not (isn't)
We do not (don't) drive We are not (aren't)
You do not (don't) drive You are not (aren't)
They do not (don't) drive They are not (aren't)

 

Interogativ: se foloseste auxiliarul do sau does (la persoana a III-a singular) urmat de verb. Se conjuga numai auxiliarul.

to drive  to be
Do I drive? Am I?
Do you drive? Are you?
Does he/she drives? Is he/she/it?
Do we drive? Are we?
Do you drive? Are you?
Do they drive? Are they?


Folosire:

  1. Prezentul simplu este folosit pentru actiuni obisnuite, repetate fixate prin adverbe sau locutiuni adverbiale ca: every day, usually, rarely, sometimes, once a week, often etc.
    I usualy watch TV.
    We play tennis every day.
  2. Prezentul exprima actiuni generale care au loc intr-un moment nespecificat, dar care include si momentul vorbirii. Adverbele folosite sunt: always, never, ever.
    Sun shine.
    Birds fly.
    Wood always floats in the water.
  3. Prezentul se refera la actiuni care se petrec in momentul vorbirii sau care au loc pentru o perioada limitata in prezent, comentarii, demonstratii, exclamatii
    Look! It's raining!
    What are you reading these days?
  4. Prezentul poate avea valoare de viitor pentru
    • exprimarea datei: Tomorrow is Sunday.
    • actiunilor planificate, aranjamente de viitor folosite cu verbe de miscare (go, came, leave) sau verbe ca begin, start, finish: He leave Cluj at ten. The bus for Bucharest lives at 12.15 on Monday.
    • subordonate de timp (introduse de after, before)  sau conditionale (introduse de if, in case): If it rains I'll stay home.
  5. Prezentul cu valoare de trecut se foloseste in povestiri ( One day the girl goes to the woods), sau cu verbele tell, learn, write (She tells me that they won. )
     

 

Cuvinte cheie: prezent simplu infinitiv simple present infinitive

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