Verbul - Viitorul Simplu



Viitorul Simplu (Future)

In mod paradoxal, limba engleza nu are o forma ca atare a viitorului, dar idee de viitor se poate exprima in nenumarate moduri.

 

Se poate exprima prin:

  • Will/ shall + infinitiv : He will be here at 5 o'clock.
  • Be going to + infinitiv : She's going to buy a new computer.
  • Prezentul continuu : The British Council is moving to a new building next year.
  • Prezentul simplu : The train leaves at 7:15.

Afirmativ
I will/shall  (‘ll) drive
You will  drive
She/he will  drive
We shall drive
You will  drive
They will  drive

Interogativ
Shall/Will I drive?
Will you drive?
Will she/he drive?
Shall/Will we drive?
Will you drive?
Will they drive?

Negativ
I shall/will not (shan’t/won’t) drive
You will not (won’t) drive
He/she will not (won’t) drive
We shall not (shan’t) drive
You will not (won’t) drive
They will not (won’t) drive

Folosire:

1. Viitorul Simplu se foloseste in legatura cu presupuneri care se vor desfasura in viitor.
We'll come back. (Ne vom intoarce).
2. Viitorul Simplu se foloseste pentru a descrie actiuni obisnuite ce vor avea loc in viitor.
Drivers will always have to pay their speed tickets. (Soferii intotdeauna vor trebui sa-si achite amenzile pentru depasirea vitezei).
3. Viitorul Simplu se foloseste in cadrul propozitiilor conditionale de tip 1, precum si in propozitii temporale.
He will come home when he finishes his work. (El va veni acasa dupa ce isi va termina treaba).
4. Viitorul Simplu se foloseste pentru a descrie actiuni ce exprima intentia (mai ales cele luate in momentul deciziei).
I will have some coffe, please. (As dori o cafea, va rog).

 

Cuvinte cheie: viitor future present will shall

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