Vocabular - Numerele (The Numbers)



(Numbers)
In orice limba straina trebuie sa sti sa exprimi numerele. Principalele unitati in limba engleza sunt:

1
10
100
1000
1000000
1000000000
one
ten
hundred
thousand
million
billion

In dreapta avem numerele normale sau cardinalele, iar in dreapta cele ordinale, pe care le folosim cand dorim sa definim pozitia unui element intr-o serie.

Numere cardinale
 
Numere ordinale
 
0
zero, nought
 
 
1
one
1st
first
2
two
2nd
second
3
three
3rd
third
4
four
4th
fourth
5
five
5th
fifth
6
six
6th
sixth
7
seven
7th
seventh
8
eight
8th
eighth
9
nine
9th
ninth
10
ten
10th
tenth
11
eleven
11th
eleventh
12
twelve
12th
twelfth
13
thirteen
13th
thirteenth
14
fourteen
14th
fourteenth
15
fifteen
15th
fifteenth
16
sixteen
16th
sixteenth
17
seventeen
17th
seventeenth
18
eighteen
18th
eighteenth
19
nineteen
19th
nineteenth
20
twenty
20th
twentieth
21
twenty-one
21st
twenty-first
22
twenty-two
22nd
twenty-second
23
twenty-three
23rd
twenty-third
24
twenty-four
24th
twenty-fourth
30
thirty
30th
thirtieth
31
thirty-one
31st
thirty-first
40
forty
40th
fortieth
50
fifty
50th
fiftieth
60
sixty
60th
sixtieth
70
seventy
70th
seventieth
80
eighty
80th
eightieth
90
ninety
90th
ninetieth
100
hundred
100th
hundredth
101
hundred and one
101st
hundred and first
152
hundred and fifty-two
152nd
hundred and fifty-second
200
two hundred
200th
two hundredth
1,000
thousand
1,000th
thousandth
1,000,000
million
1,000,000th
millionth
1,000,000,000
billion
1,000,000,000th
billionth


Pentru numerele de o suta in engleza bitranica se foloseste "and", iar americanii nu folosesc "and":

  • Engleza britanica 120 = one hundred and twenty
  • Engleza americana 120 = one hundred twenty

De obicei se separa cifrele din numerele mai mari decat 999 cu virgula (,) (comma). Numaram 3 cifre din dreapta si inseram virgula (in romana se foloseste punctul (.), dar nu e obligatoriu sa fie folosit):
                            1    ,    0    0    0    one thousand (o mie)
     1    ,    0    0    0    ,    0    0    0    one million (un milion)
1    2    ,    7    5    0    ,    2    0    0    twelve million, seven hundred and fifty thousand, two hundred
Folosim punctul (.) pentru a indica zecimalele si pentru a exprima valorile monetare:
                              0    .    1        =    one tenth or 1/10 (o zecime)
                              1    .    0        =    one
     1    ,    0    0    0                     =    one thousand
     1    ,    5    0    0    .    7    5    =    one thousand five hundred and three quarters
                       $    1    .    5    0    =    one dollar and fifty cents
           $    7    0    0    .    0    0    =    seven hundred dollars
£    3    ,    5    0    0    .    0    1    =    three thousand five hundred pounds and one penny
 
Trebuie sa fiti atenti cu virgula si punctul! Majoritatea celorlalte limbi folosesc virgula si punctul exact pe dos.

Cuvinte cheie: number numar numere virgula punct

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